In the final year of World War II, the US dropped the uranium bomb above the Japanese city named Hiroshima on 6th August 1945 that killed around one lac forty thousand(1,40,000) people in which most were the innocent civilians.
The attack was the first time a nuclear weapon was used during any war. At least 70,000 people are believed to have been killed immediately in the massive explosion which flattened the city. Tens of thousands more died of injuries caused by radiation poisoning in the following days, weeks, and months in the city.
After three days of dropping the first nuclear bomb above the city, a second nuclear weapon was dropped on Nagasaki. As a result of this massive attack, thousands of people died and injured and Japan surrendered on 14th August 1945 after 2 weeks of the attack, and after that World War 2 had ended.
Germany had already surrendered to the Allied Forces in May 1945, but World War 2 Continued in Asia as the forces fought imperial Japan.
On Thursday, August 6, 2020, Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and the mayor of Hiroshima joined bomb survivors and descendants in the city’s Peace Park.
But memorial events were scaled back this year because of the pandemic Covid-19. The park is usually packed with thousands of people for the anniversary, but attendance was significantly reduced this year, with chairs spaced apart and most attendees wearing masks due to safety measures.
PM Abe: Seventy-five years have passed since a single atomic bomb deprived people said to number well more than 100,000 of their precious lives. Hiroshima, which at that time turned to ruins in an instant, achieved robust reconstruction as a world-famous city of peace (1/4) pic.twitter.com/4tI5imkFvG
— PM's Office of Japan (@JPN_PMO) August 6, 2020
A moment’s silence was held at 08:15 AM, this was the exact time when the bomb was dropped on the city.
“On August 6, 1945, a single atomic bomb destroyed our city. Rumor at the time had it that ‘nothing will grow here for 75 years,'” Mayor Kazumi Matsui said in his statement.
Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui's speech highlighted what survivors feel is the hypocrisy of Japan’s government, which hosts 50,000 American troops and is protected by the U.S. nuclear umbrella. https://t.co/nVfAsLS4k6
— NBC15 News (@nbc15_madison) August 6, 2020
“And yet, Hiroshima recovered, becoming a symbol of peace.”
In a video message, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called on all nations to renew efforts to quash such weapons.
“Division, distrust and a lack of dialogue threaten to return the world to unrestrained strategic nuclear competition,” he said.
This Thursday, the world marks the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.
May the suffering, stories and resilience of survivors unite us in action to free the world of nuclear weapons.
— António Guterres (@antonioguterres) August 5, 2020
“The only way to totally eliminate nuclear risk is to totally eliminate nuclear weapons.”
Whereas, the United States believed that they took this action after Tokyo rejected an earlier ultimatum for peace that would force a quick surrender without risking US casualties on the ground. The US gave its consent of the UK(United Kingdom) by the Quebec Agreement.
On August 6, 1945, a modified B-29 dropped a uranium gun-type bomb, named “Little Boy”, on Hiroshima, and after three days another B-29 dropped a plutonium implosion bomb, named “Fat Man”, on Nagasaki. As per reports, some 70,000 to 80,000 people were killed immediately by the hilarious blast and resultant firestorm, and about the same number of people were injured in Hiroshima. In the months that followed, more people lost their lives in both the cities due to the effects of the nuclear attack.